Terms and acronyms that asylum seekers need to know in the UK (2023)

Some of the information for asylum seekers and refugees in the UK is not always available in the languages an asylum seeker might understand. On top of that, they are expected to know the meaning of a lot of abbreviations and acronyms. Here are a few of the most important terms to know.

➡️ This explainer is part of a series on acronyms for asylum seekers in different countries in Europe. Click here for an overview.


The British government has provided a list of centers and helplines which could provide advice depending on your needs and the area in which you live in the UK. The list includes community support, housing support, advice for vulnerable people and communities, homeless people and legal advice. It was last updated on June 13, 2022.

Asylum Aid

Asylum Aid is a charity. It provides free legal advice and representation to refugees and asylum seekers in the UK.

Age disputed application

This is when an asylum applicant is claiming to be a minor but his or her appearance suggests that she or he is over 18. The current Home Office policy is to treat the applicant as an adult "until there is credible documentary or other persuasive evidence to demonstrate the age claimed."

Common Travel Area

Refers to the free movement between the UK, the Channel Islands, the Isle of Man and the Republic of Ireland. This is available to those with British and Irish passports as well as anyone else with the right to enter or reside in those two countries.


Crown prosecution service. The principle public agency for conducting criminal prosecutions in England and Wales.

  • If you find yourself being prosecuted in the UK for something to do with your immigration status, you might like to check out the website of the charity "Right to Remain". It provides a "toolkit" and explains your rights and how the law works.
  • The charity advises that you get legal advice if you are making a visa application, an asylum claim or other kind of immigration or human rights application, as things can be “very complicated.”
  • Legal aid in the UK can help people with little or no income pay for legal costs. However, in recent years it has been heavily cut.
  • Since October 2019, legal aid is available for separated children’s immigration and citizenship cases.
  • It is also available for non-asylum immigration cases in Scotland and Northern Ireland. But not in England and Wales.
  • **Some exceptions apply. If you have been the victim of domestic violence, or if your case involves the Special Immigration Appeals Commission, or you have been a victim of trafficking, you should be able to qualify.
  • For asylum claims UK-wide (in all four countries of the union) it is available for asylum cases.
  • It is no longer available for family migration cases, which include family reunification applications under the Refugee Convention.
  • It is no longer available for advice about student visas, or about visitor visas.
  • It is no longer available for challenging a deportation, if your case does not come under an asylum or human rights (Article 3 European Convention on Human Rights) aspect to it.
  • You cannot receive legal aid for cases which are about the right to a family and private life (Article 8).
  • **If you do qualify for legal aid then the lawyer will conduct a merits and means test. That means they will see what strengths and weaknesses your asylum case has. If you have already been refused asylum and you don’t have more than a 50% chance of succeeding, they will refuse to represent you.
  • The Means test, says the right to remain website, looks into your financial circumstances. You will have to be in receipt of asylum support and provide a letter from the Home Office proving that, which is not more than six months old.
  • If you don’t have this type of support, the lawyer will have to look at recent bank statements.

Detention Action

This organization helps support those who have been placed in UK detention centers and campaigns on their behalf.

Also read: 'A radical act': Fighting to end indefinite detention in the UK

(Video) Who is an Asylum Seeker?

Terms and acronyms that asylum seekers need to know in the UK (1)

Detention Facilities (Migration)

The UK authorities have three main facilities for initially detaining migrants after they crossed the Channel.

  • Tug Haven (Dover)
  • Kent Intake Unit (KIU) (Dover)
  • Frontier House (Folkestone)

According to a report by the Inspectorate of Prisons, several hundred people would be sent to these centers at a time for checks and interviews. After that, some went to immigration removal centers (IRC – see below) or to hotel or hostel accommodation. Most were held for an average of 26 hours according to data from the Home Office for KIU and Frontier House.

In September 2020, the inspectorate found that "these facilities were badly equipped to meet their purpose." Some improvements were made for their next inspection in September 2021.

Discretionary Leave

This can be awarded to people who have either not been considered for international protection, or have been excluded. The government might award this to an Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Child (UASC) "for whom adequate reception arrangements in their country are not available, or if the person is able to demonstrate particularly compelling reasons why removal would not be appropriate."

Discretionary leave can be granted for three years or less. For UASCs it can be granted for three years, or up until their 18th birthday, whichever comes first.

Family formation and reunion

This category allows the authorities to grant settlement to relatives on the grounds of their relationship to another person who is already settled in the UK or is a British citizen. This includes husbands, wives, children, parents and grandparents, as well as "other unspecified dependents."

Freedom from Torture

This is a medical foundation which helps care for victims of torture. They also publish information and campaign for the rights of those who have been affected by torture.


The magazine sold by homeless people, the Big Issue published a list of charities helping refugees in the UK in June 2022.

Humanitarian protection

This is granted to a person who would "if removed face in the country of return a serious risk to life arising from the death penalty; unlawful killing; or torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment." Even if you have been refused asylum, you may still apply for this status. It is normally granted for three years. After which you can begin the process to apply for indefinite leave to remain.

(Video) Immigration 101: Refugees, Migrants, Asylum Seekers - What's the Difference?


Highly Skilled Migrant Program – For migrants who have certain skills to access special work or study routes into the UK.


Immigration Reception Center. According to the "Asylum in Europe" website, an information and research database working in conjunction with the ECRE (European Council on Refugees and Exiles), there are a range of reception facilities in the UK:

  • In initial accommodation centers, food is provided at "fixed times" and there is little choice. One center does provide self-catering accommodation, but most others just offer cooked food. Rooms are lockable but you may have to share with a stranger. Usually you stay in the initial accommodation center for 3-4 weeks. You can go outside at any time.
  • There are also a number of centers in former military barracks. There have been issues reported with this type of accommodation.
  • Other asylum seekers might be housed in flats and houses dispersed around the UK. Normally you can stay here for most of the time while your asylum claim is being decided. Nuclear families are housed together, but two single-parent families may have to live in the same house. There is no choice of where you are sent to live. Sometimes families are separated if some members of the family are not part of the same asylum claim as the others.
  • There are also Immigration Reporting Centers. According to the British Government website, there are 13 across the UK. You may need to report to these centers if you do not have permission to stay in the UK. There are two centers in London, two in the Midlands, one in South Yorkshire, in Sheffield, one in Cumbria for the North East in the city of Middlesbrough, one in West Yorkshire in Leeds, one in Lancashire in a part of Manchester known as Salford. For the west of northern Britain, around Merseyside, the center is in Liverpool. The east, south west and south central parts of England have call centers and ask for you to report to a police station. In Scotland the center is situated in Glasgow and in Northern Ireland it is in Belfast. Wales has centers in both Swansea and Cardiff.

IRC – Immigration Removal Center

According to the UK government, there are 9 removal centers in the UK:

  • Brook House near Gatwick airport
  • Colnbrook in Middlesex
  • Derwentside, County Durham
  • Dungavel House, South Lanarkshire
  • Harmondsworth, Middlesex (not far from Heathrow)
  • Larne House short term holding facility, Antrim (Northern ireland)
  • Manchester short term holding facility
  • Tinsley House, Gatwick
  • Yarl’s Wood, Bedfordshire

Visiting is allowed at these centers but you need to book an appointment.


Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants is a place to go if you need help. They are a non-governmental organization that believes in a fair and just immigration system. They provide information and services for migrants in the UK. They have a range of guides about different aspects of immigration, from explanations about the UK government’s “hostile environment” to the "UK spouse visa" guide. They also have information on NHS charges, and how the points-based immigration system works.

Terms and acronyms that asylum seekers need to know in the UK (2)


Indefinite Leave to Remain. This allows you to settle in the UK for an indefinite amount (permanent) of time.

Initial Decision

This is a decision on your immigration status issued by the UK border agency. You can appeal this decision.


The NHS is Britain’s National Health Service. For British citizens and those with the right to remain, it offers free health care and consultations. Some people do have to pay some money for prescriptions though.

(Video) Why Do Migrants Want to Come to the UK? The Appeal of Britain to Refugees Explained - TLDR News

Since 2014, those without indefinite leave to remain (permanent stay permit) and those who do not have a temporary permission to work or study, can be charged for health care.

You can still access primary health care (accident and emergency, and specific measures needed to protect public health, for instance measures against infectious diseases) as well as conditions resulting from particular forms of violence. However, secondary services may be charged, depending on which part of the UK you are in.

These services are exempt from charges:

  • Accident and Emergency
  • Treatment and diagnosis of specific conditions relevant to public health and sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
  • Family planning services
  • Treatment of conditions caused by particular forms of violence
  • Palliative care services provided by charities
  • Non-relevant community services such as those provided by Gps, school nurses and health visitors.

For more details, see the JCWI / Doctors of the World guide.


This is defined by the 1951 United Nations Convention. It is a person who "owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of their nationality."

Refugee Council & Scottish Refugee Council

Refugee Council

The Refugee Council is the largest organization in the UK working with asylum seekers and refugees. They help and support refugees and asylum seekers and try and make sure their needs and concerns are addressed.

Scottish Refugee Council does a similar job in Scotland. They also organize campaigns and initiatives, check out their social media pages for more information and activities in which you can join.

Terms and acronyms that asylum seekers need to know in the UK (3)

Refugee Women

There are a number of groups in the UK to help refugee women.

  • Refugee Women’s Association, provides a range of services, including confidential advise and counseling, help looking for work and customized training courses.
  • Women for Refugee Women – tries to help refugee women.
  • Refugee Women’s Resource Project. This was set up in April 2000 by the charity Asylum Aid. It provides free legal representation and advice. It also aims to help women fleeing serious human rights violations and gain protection in the UK.

Refugee Education Training and Advisory Service (RETAS)

Listed on the UNHCR list, RETAS is a registered charitable organization offering information, advice and guidance on education, training and employment for refugees.


(Video) Why is Britain sending asylum seekers to Rwanda? | Inside Story

Seasonal Agricultural Workers Scheme. This is the scheme whereby the government sets quotas each year for the number of workers who can apply for specific short-term work visas to enter the UK to carry out a particular job. For instance fruit and vegetable harvesting between May and October.


Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Child. This is a child who is hoping to seek asylum but has arrived under 18 without any parent or guardian present with them.

UK Border Agency / UK Visas and Immigration

Since 2013, the UK Border Agency is called UK Visas and Immigration.

  • This government organization manages applications for people who want to visit, work, study or settle in the UK.
  • It has information on how to apply for certain schemes, visas and British citizenship, as well as the EU Settlement Scheme, which came into effect post-Brexit.

VPRS – Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Scheme

This was set up by the UK government in 2014 to help Syrians fleeing war. It was expanded a year later, promising to resettle 20,000 Syrians by 2020. According to the UK government it was the largest scheme in Europe at the time.

It was designed to resettle Syrians who were already refugees in Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq and Egypt and provide them with direct and safe passage to the UK.

The government said it delivered on its commitment and resettled a total of 20,319.

VCRS – Vulnerable Children’s Resettlement Scheme

This was launched in 2016 by the UK government. It aimed at resettling 3,000 "at-risk" refugee children from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.

The UK government worked closely with UNHCR on this one. They brought over unaccompanied children, but also vulnerable children at risk, "such as those threatened with child labor, child marriage and other forms of abuse or exploitation."

Now ended, the government says it resettled 1,838 children via this scheme.

This list was compiled with information from various organizations, quoted in the text. The UNHCR also provides a list of useful links to do with immigration in the UK.


What are the 5 grounds for asylum? ›

This module provides you with an understanding of the requirements needed to establish that persecution or feared persecution is “on account of” one or more of the five protected grounds in the refugee definition: race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.

What do asylum seekers need to prove? ›

In order to be granted asylum, an individual is required to provide evidence demonstrating either that they have suffered persecution on account of a protected ground in the past, and/or that they have a “well-founded fear” of future persecution in their home country.

What are the rights of an asylum seeker in the UK? ›

As an asylum applicant in the United Kingdom, you have the right to: be treated fairly and lawfully regardless of your race, gender, age, religion, sexual orientation or any disability. practise your own religion, and you are expected to show respect for people of other faiths.

What is Section 4 asylum Support? ›

The Home Office can provide housing and financial support to a person who becomes appeal rights exhausted (ARE) when their asylum claim is unsuccessful if they do not have accommodation and/ or cannot afford to meet their essential living needs.

What is the code for asylum? ›

Asylum, U.S. Code 8 (2011), § 1158.

What are the 2 types of asylum? ›

Forms of asylum

There are two paths to claim asylum in the U.S. The affirmative asylum process is for individuals who are not in removal proceedings and the defensive asylum process is for individuals who are in removal proceedings.

How do you win asylum? ›

Strategies for Improving Chances of Qualifying for Asylum

You must show that this persecution was (or would be) inflicted on you because of one or more "protected grounds": your race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.

What is the burden of proof in asylum cases? ›

The burden of proof is on the applicant for asylum to establish that he or she is a refugee as defined in section 101(a)(42) of the Act. The testimony of the applicant, if credible, may be sufficient to sustain the burden of proof without corroboration.

Why do people get denied asylum? ›

We have seen asylum applications that were rejected merely because a person did not list their foreign address properly. We have also seen asylum applications that were rejected for not providing the required number of copies. Failing to provide sufficient evidence – It is never too late to obtain evidence.

What are the new asylum seekers Rules 2022 UK? ›

The 2022 Act and Part 11 of the Immigration Rules contains the legal framework within which a person granted refugee status in the UK will be provided with permission to stay. A recipient of refugee status will either be granted refugee permission to stay or temporary refugee permission to stay.

What is the new law about asylum seekers in UK? ›

Parliamentarians voted on the Nationality and Borders Bill earlier this year and it was passed in April 2022, making it an 'Act' and officially law. Unfortunately, the Act undermines the right to seek asylum in several ways. UNHCR has said that some provisions are in breach of the Refugee Convention.

How long can an asylum seeker stay in the UK? ›

Grant of asylum as a refugee

If you are granted asylum in the UK you are recognised as a refugee under the 1951 Refugee Convention and are allowed to remain in the UK for 5 years (limited leave to remain).

What is a PSG in asylum? ›

This module discusses membership in a particular social group (PSG), one of the protected grounds in the refugee definition codified in the Immigration and Nationality Act. The discussion describes membership in a particular social group (PSG) and examines its interpretation in administrative and judicial case law.

What is s98 Support? ›

Who is eligible for section 98 support? Asylum-seekers and their dependants who appear to be destitute can access s98 support. Those who apply for asylum at port (at a point of entry to the UK) may be taken to IA immediately, if they the lack the means to support themselves in the UK.

What is s95 Asylum Support? ›

The Home Office can provide housing and financial support to a person who has claimed asylum if they do not have accommodation and/ or cannot afford to meet their essential living needs.

What is the meaning of duldung light? ›

Asylum seekers who cannot prove their identity are. issued a "Duldung Light".

What is Section 22 asylum seeker permit? ›

The section 22 permit which is valid for a period of six monthslegalizes the asylum seeker stay in the Republic of South Africa temporarily pending a final decision on his application. The permit can be extended by an RRO for a further six months while the process of status determination is in progress.

What is the difference between a refugee and an asylum seeker? ›

The definition of an asylum seeker is someone who has arrived in a country and asked for asylum. Until they receive a decision as to whether or not they are a refugee, they are known as an asylum seeker. In the UK, this means they do not have the same rights as a refugee or a British citizen would.

What are the 3 types of refugees? ›

While refugee is a generalized term for people who flee there are a couple of different types of refugees to define.
  • Refugee. ...
  • Asylum Seekers. ...
  • Internally Displaced Persons. ...
  • Stateless Persons. ...
  • Returnees. ...
  • Religious or Political Affiliation. ...
  • Escaping War. ...
  • Discrimination based on Gender/Sexual Orientation.
22 Mar 2020

What does PD mean in immigration? ›

Prosecutorial Discretion (PD) is the authority of government attorneys and ICE in regards to deciding the result of your immigration case. PD allows an Immigration Judge to decide what degree to enforce the law and which individual cases to prosecute.

How can I pass my asylum interview? ›

8 Tips for a Successful Asylum Interview
  1. 1) Practice makes perfect. ...
  2. 2) Make travel arrangements. ...
  3. 3) Prepare physically and emotionally. ...
  4. 4) Wear appropriate clothes. ...
  5. 5) Correct mistakes. ...
  6. 6) Be honest, detailed, and consistent. ...
  7. 7) Don't be afraid to cry. ...
  8. 8) Utilize an attorney.
13 Mar 2016

What questions are asked in an asylum interview? ›

Some examples of asylum interview sample questions may include:
  • What is your complete full/legal name?
  • What is your date of birth?
  • What country and city were you born in?
  • Where do you currently live?
  • Are you married?
  • If yes, what is your spouse's name?
  • Do you have any children?
18 Jul 2022

What happens if you fail your asylum interview? ›

What if I Fail to Appear for My Affirmative Asylum Interview? If USCIS does not receive a written explanation for your failure to appear within 45 days after the date of the scheduled interview, and you do not have legal status in the United States, your case will be referred to the immigration court.

What are the three levels of burden of proof? ›

The Different Burdens of Proof

There are three burdens of proof that exist for most cases: proof beyond a reasonable doubt, clear and convincing evidence, and preponderance of the evidence.

Which country is best for asylum? ›

Best countries for asylum seekers
  • The countries with the most favorable conditions are Germany, Finland, UK, Canada, and the USA;
  • Slightly less engaging circumstances in Sweden, France, Switzerland, and Norway;
30 Jul 2022

How can I prove my fear of persecution? ›

If you are unable to prove persecution in the past (which would give rise to a rebuttable presumption of a well-founded fear of future persecution), you will need to show a good reason to fear future persecution. This means providing credible (believable), direct, and specific factual evidence.

Can asylum be deported? ›

People can be deported while seeking asylum if they do things that disqualify themselves. A person can be disqualified for committing a crime, such as an aggravated felony. In those cases, they can be detained and the case can be expedited, but may only be eligible for protection under the convention against torture.

Can you be deported after asylum denied? ›

If you are still denied asylum by federal court – or if you do not file an appeal when the immigration judge denies your case – you will probably be deported. It is almost impossible to do any of this successfully without an attorney with experience in asylum.

How do I know my asylum is granted? ›

If we determine that you are eligible for asylum, you will receive a letter and completed Form I-94, Arrival Departure Record, indicating that you have been granted asylum in the United States.

What are refused asylum seekers entitled to in the UK? ›

In most cases a refused asylum seeker will have the right to appeal against the decision to refuse Section 4 support.

Can asylum seekers work in UK 2022? ›

Asylum seekers or failed asylum seekers awaiting the outcome of an asylum claim or further submission cannot work as an employee or a worker, even for a voluntary organisation, unless they have been granted permission to work under Paragraph 360 or 360C of the Immigration Rules.

How long does it take to get work permit for asylum 2022? ›

Asylum seekers can receive the work permit 180 days after filing their asylum applications. Wait time: The government must make a decision on asylum seekers' initial work permit applications within 30 days.

What is 20 year rule in immigration? ›

The 20 years long residence category allows applicants to apply for permission to stay in the UK for 30 months under paragraph 276ADE of the Immigration Rules. Whether lawfully or unlawfully, if a person has lived in the UK continuously for 20 years he/she can apply for permission to stay in the UK.

Can asylum seekers get driving Licence in UK? ›

Since 2014, the Driving and Vehicle Licence Agency (DVLA) is not allowed to give you a driving licence if you are not 'lawfully resident' in the UK. This applies to all people who do not have leave to remain* or leave to enter*.

Can asylum seekers get citizenship UK? ›

After five years of Refugee Status, you can apply for ILR, and after a year of ILR you can apply for British citizenship.

What jobs can asylum seekers do in UK? ›

Most jobs on the shortage occupation list are specialised (like civil engineers, architects, or classical ballet dancers). However, in 2021 and 2022 the list was expanded to include positions like nursing (and nursing assistants), and care work.

Can asylum seekers bring family UK? ›

Your family members must either have been given permission to be in the UK with you: as your dependant, at the same time you were granted refugee status, humanitarian protection or Discretionary Leave. using the family reunion route.

What percentage of asylum seekers are approved UK? ›

There were 48,540 asylum applications (relating to 56,495 people) in the UK in 2021. This is 63% more than the previous year and the highest number for almost two decades.
Table 1: Individuals applying for asylum as a proportion of the total, by age and sex in 2021.
2 more rows
3 Mar 2022

How many classes of asylum are there? ›

The right of asylum falls into three basic categories: territorial, extraterritorial, and neutral. Territorial asylum is granted within the territorial bounds of the state offering asylum and is an exception to the practice of extradition.

What are the elements of asylum? ›

  • Elements of Asylum Law. ...
  • 3.1 Well-founded Fear of Persecution. ...
  • 3.2 On Account of Membership in a Particular Social Group. ...
  • 3.3 Imposed by the Government or by a Group which the Government is Unable or Unwilling to Control. ...
  • 3.4 Meriting a Favorable Exercise of Discretion. ...
  • 5 Humanitarian Asylum. ...
  • 3.6 Frivolous Asylum Applications.

What is Matter of Acosta? ›

The first case to interpret the meaning of “particular social group” was Matter of Acosta, where the BIA held that persons forming a particular social group must share common immutable and/or fundamental traits such as sex, color, kinship ties, or shared past experience such as former military leadership or land ...

What is an ASF1 form? ›

Use 'Form ASF1' to apply for support if you (and any dependants) are, or are likely to become, homeless or run out of money within the next 14 days.

What is a NASS card? ›

The National Asylum Support Service (NASS) is a section of the UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) division of the Home Office. It is responsible for supporting and accommodating people seeking asylum while their cases are being dealt with.

What does NASS number mean? ›

Letters that the family may be able to provide are their Asylum Support letter or accommodation/tenancy letter. NASS numbers are usually 9 digits and in the format of 'YY/MM/12345'. These numbers can be followed by /001, /002, /003 etc which identifies each individual member in the family.

What is NRPF UK? ›

What is 'No Recourse to Public Funds'? Section 115 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 states that a person will have 'no recourse to public funds' if they are 'subject to immigration control'.

What is s4 support? ›

Section 4 support is aimed at certain groups of “refused” asylum seekers, i.e. people whose claim for asylum or humanitarian protection has been refused and who have exhausted all of their appeal rights. To qualify for s4 support, the refused asylum seeker has to meet certain conditions.

Under what grounds can someone claim asylum? ›

To qualify for refugee status, you need to show you have been persecuted or will be persecuted because of one of the Refugee Convention grounds.
These grounds are:
  • race.
  • religion.
  • nationality.
  • political opinion.
  • membership of a particular social group (this is explained below).

On what grounds can a claim for asylum be made? ›

Asylum is a form of protection granted to those individuals on the grounds that they are unable to live safely in their own country because of fear of persecution. This persecution must be on account of: race. religion.

What gives you the best chance to get your application for asylum approved? ›

Strategies for Improving Chances of Qualifying for Asylum

You must show that this persecution was (or would be) inflicted on you because of one or more "protected grounds": your race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.

What benefits can asylum seekers claim in UK? ›

You can ask for somewhere to live, a cash allowance or both as an asylum seeker.
  • free prescriptions for medicine.
  • free dental care for your teeth.
  • free eyesight tests.
  • help paying for glasses.

Where do most UK asylum seekers come from? ›

In 2021, the top five most common countries of nationality of people who applied for asylum in the UK were Iran, Iraq, Eritrea, Albania and Syria. Table 2 shows the fifteen most common countries of nationality of people (main applicants and dependants) who applied for asylum in the UK in 2021.

How do you win an asylum? ›

An individual may apply for asylum to the United States if s/he can demonstrate a well-founded fear of persecution based on one or more of the following: (1) political opinion; (2) religion; (3) race; (4) nationality; or (5) membership in a particular social group.

Can asylum be denied and be deported? ›

If you are still denied asylum by federal court – or if you do not file an appeal when the immigration judge denies your case – you will probably be deported. It is almost impossible to do any of this successfully without an attorney with experience in asylum.

What kind of questions are asked in an asylum interview? ›

Some examples of asylum interview sample questions may include:
  • What is your complete full/legal name?
  • What is your date of birth?
  • What country and city were you born in?
  • Where do you currently live?
  • Are you married?
  • If yes, what is your spouse's name?
  • Do you have any children?
18 Jul 2022


1. Fast track deportation of Albanians planned - as French police clash with people crossing Channel
(Channel 4 News)
2. UK tries to press ahead with controversial plan to deport asylum seekers to Rwanda
(PBS NewsHour)
3. Reflections on how the New Plan for Immigration sets the UK up for its global responsibilities
(RAMP - Refugee, Asylum and Migration Policy)
4. What next for immigration? Refugees and asylum protection: challenges ahead
(Bright Blue)
5. FE Education Financing in England: A Facilitated Conversation
(City of Sanctuary)
6. DevExplains: Refugee vs. migrant
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