What do Asylum Seekers and Refugees face in the UK? - (2023)

What do Asylum Seekers and Refugees face in the UK? - (1)

It seems that everyone has an opinion on refugees and asylum seekers, but very few people seem to have much idea of howthe systemactually works. Thisoftenleads to nonsensicalcomplaints about “illegal immigrants claiming benefits” (if you were in the country illegally, you wouldn’t be able to even open a bank account or rent a house, never mind claim benefits) or asylum seekers entering the country illegally as “jumping the queue” (thereisno queue, and the UK’s border controls mean that pretty much the only way of claiming asylum in the country is to enter illegally, often tremendously dangerously).

This article is meant as averybrief introduction to the asylum process and the rights of a refugee once someone has successfully applied for asylum. Keep in mind that it is only anextremelysimplified overview, and you shouldn’t rely onstuff you read herein court! The UK’s immigration laws are unbelievably complex and ever changing as they are often a central political issue, so if we went into much depth about the specific laws involved, they would likely be changed before you read it!

Central to everything is the1967 Protocol to the1951 UN Convention on the Status of Refugees(usually simply together referred to as the ‘Refugee Convention’) which defines a refugee as some who:

(Video) What faces asylum seekers to the UK when they arrive in Rwanda

“Owing to well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence is unable or, owing to such fear, unwilling to return to it.”

It is this overly long sentence that every asylum seeker is trying to prove applies to them. Both menandwomen, despite its wording!

Firstly, let’s look at the UK asylum process:

  • Asylum applications made outsidethe UK are pretty much never successful, or even considered.Peopleneed to be outside their country of nationality to be considered a refugee, and then the UK willinsist that they should claim asylum in whatever country they’ve made it to, rather than the UK. It’s because of geographical reasons that, for example, Lebanon and Uganda have 1.4 million refugeeseachand Jordan has 2.9 million (the UK has around 120,000).
  • Because of this,oftenthe only way someone can claim asylum in the UK is byentering the country illegally. A UK borders system often referred to as ‘weak’,forces men, women and children to make unbelievably treacherous journey across maybe thousands of miles to just be given the opportunity to beconsideredas a refugee. If you want to get a more vivid impression of this, try travelling from the UK to Bangladesh with no passport, no means of transportation and no money and see how easy you find it [legal note: absolutelydo nottry and do this!!]
  • Ifyoumiraculouslymakeit to the UKand past immigration control, youare required to make a claim forasylum as soon as possible.You can do this at many places, including with an immigrationofficialat your port of entry, or by ringing a phone line, or by going directly to the Screening Unit in Croydon.If you delay in making this claimwithout good reason, this might be held against you later as proof that the claim isn’t completely genuine. If you used a false document to enterthe country, or entered the country for a different reason (such as to visit or work/study) but then quickly claimed asylum, these could be seen as counting against your trustworthiness as a character andalsolatercount against your asylum claim!
  • First, there’s the ‘screening interview’,soon after you make your claim,where you will give an overview of your situationand why you fear persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion.
  • When in the EU, the UKwere party to ‘The Dublin Regulations’, where a personis supposed toclaim asylum in the first EEA(the ‘European Economic Areathe EU countries plus Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway)countrythey entered. It’s, obviously,farmore complex than that,but that’s a large part of the criteria for deciding which EEA country’s responsibility it is to process the asylum claim.Previously, the UK would run a person’s fingerprints through an EEA-wide system and if they had been previously registered in another EEA country they would try and remove them to that country (if the other country agrees!). As with many things, it’s unclear what will happen after Brexit, with the UK potentially having far more asylum claims to deal with.
  • After the screening interview, if the Home Office decide that your case has enough merit to constitute an asylum claim (and they can’t find another country to take youoff their hands!) and you will be accepted as an asylum seeker.You will normally be asked to regularly report to a police station or immigration reporting centre.
  • As an asylum seeker, you are entitled to publicly funded legal representation (i.e.‘legal aid’) for your initial asylum application (up until the point of decision), subject to a means test
  • As an asylum seeker, you can claim £37.75 a week asylum support, and also to be housed inNational Asylum Support Service (NASS)Accommodation.NASSaccommodation famouslyvariesin qualityand could be anywhere in the UK apart from London. You have no choice where in the country you will be situatedunless you canproveclose family ties to a particular area or a medical need.NASSAccomodation is currently provided by three private companies under contract to the Home Office: Serco, Mears Group andClearspringsReady Homes. Serco have the contract for the North West.
  • Eventually, the asylum seeker will be invited tothe full asylum interview, where you’d be expected to lay out all of your reasons for claiming asylum, inprecise and explicit detail. Because of the amount of information that needs to be told, these interviews can last up to three hours and often far longer!
  • The Home Office can make a decision any time after the Asylum Interview. The Home Office have stated that it shouldn’t take longer than six months, but arecent report by Refugee Actionshowed how more than 60% of asylumseekerswait longer than that.
  • If your claim is refused,you get one attempt to appeal the decision.
  • If that appeal isalsorefused, then you are a ‘refused asylum seeker’. You have no rights in the country, are forced to leaveyourNASSAccommodation, and have no access to benefits or waysto earn money.
  • Your only choice at this point, if you don’t agree to the Home Office removing you from the country (which they can do at any time) isto launch a ‘fresh claim’.
  • A ‘fresh claim’ isn’t just another opportunity with your asylum claim. You have to show the Home Office that the fresh claim is either based on significantly different reasons or givingnotably new evidence. The Home Office won’t let you launch the claim if they don’t think there’s any chance of it succeeding.

…and that’s thebriefguide!

The possibilities of an asylum claim aren’t just ‘refusal’ or ‘refugee status’- thereare numerousgrants of leave that the Home Office could issue, with refugee statusbeing the best (you’re able to appeal any other grant of leave if you feel that you deserved to get refugee status).Whatever the decision- even if it’s a decision torefuse! –you are given 28 day toleaveyour NASSAccommodation. In those 28 days, the Home Office expects you to find a house,start a bank account, claim benefits… basically set upyourwhole life in your new country. Theunfairness of this system is one of the main things MRSN’s Refugee Integration Service seeks to counterbalance.You would be issued with a Biometric Residence Permit,a credit card sized form of ID that includes aphoto, dateof birth, type of leave granted and many other essential pieces of identification. This card is incredibly important, and must be reported and replaced if it is ever lost.

What do Asylum Seekers and Refugees face in the UK? - (2)

(Video) Migrants face 'broken' asylum system in the UK

Thereare threemaingrants of leavethat it’s useful to know about:

This is the main grant of leave that everyone wants! As a refugee, you have much the same rights as any UK born citizen. You can apply for benefits, there are no restrictions on either your work or study, you can use the NHS, apply for council housing*… Basically, any rights that you have as a UK citizen,people withRefugeeLeave toRemain also have.

If a refugee ever had a passportfrom their country of birth, it was likely handed over to the Home Office as part of their asylumclaim. Even if they haven’t, as a refugee they aresaying that they can no longer accept theprotection of their own country, and if they were caught travelling on that country’s passport it could invalidate their whole refugee status!!Thankfully though, The Refugee Convention understood howcruel itwould be to force someone to spend winter in a country like the UK, so refugees are able to apply for a Refugee Travel Documentso they’re able totravel onholiday to any country they like (apart from the one they fled from!!).

Refugee Leave to Remain lasts for five years,then you can apply for Indefinite Leave to Remain(sometimes referred to as ‘settlement’). This application isfree, though MRSN is not currently qualified to legally support clients to make it.

*the irritating issue is that a refugee’s ‘local council’ is the one where theirNASS accommodation was located.Youmight get moved toasylum accommodation inStoke, for example,and whenyou’re granted refugee status want to move to a city like Manchester where there are more opportunities and maybea bigger refugee community.Unfortunately, Manchester City Council will then say thatStoke is yourlocal council, and therefore Manchester has no duty tosupport you with housing etc. Many of Manchester’s ridiculously high amount of homeless people are refugees whomoved from smaller cities and towns that their NASS support was located in.

You may have encountered many people who might bereferredto and evenreferto themselves asrefugees’ but if you ever saw their Biometric Residence Permit it wouldsay they had ‘HP’ rather than ‘Refugee Leave to Remain’.Humanitarian Protection’ is granted to asylum seekers whom the Home Office don’t believe fit thedefinition of a refugee (usually because they don’t believe you face any real persecutionin your country of birth) but who they acceptwould “face a real risk of suffering serious harm” if they were to return to their country of birth. It’s usually awarded to people fromwar torn countries where it’s accepted that no civilian is safe. The status is pretty much exactly the same asRefugee Leave to remain, with one big exception.

Because the Home Office doesn’tconsider people with HP as having really availed themselves of the protection of their country, they don’t see why they can’t just travel on that country’s passport.It’s for this reason that people with HP are not eligible for Travel Documents. If they don’t havea passport and want to travel to other countries, they can instead apply for a ‘Certificate of Travel’. This is sometimes called a ‘Black Travel Document’. We like to call it a ‘Rubbish Travel Document’. It costs about four times as much asRefugee Travel Document, isn’t accepted by 90% of countries, and even to applyforone youneed a letter from your birth country’s embassyto prove thattheyissue you a passport. We usually gently advise against people with HP making these applications, as Black/Rubbish Travel Documents cost a lot of money andare accepted by so few countries(there is noreliablelist of which countries do, as it changes all thetime).However, there are sometimes people with HP who know of the restrictions butnevertheless know of one country thatacceptsthe Rubbish Travel Document (usually Tunisia) and have arranged to meet family or friends there, so are willingto pay the price as it might be the only option open to them.

If you have HP, you can also apply to settle after five years.

You occasionally encounter people with Discretionary Leave (DL).This is rarer than the previous twoimmigrationstatus, and basically means that an asylum seekerdoesn’t qualifyfor either refugee status orHP, but there are‘exceptional and compassionate circumstances’ or ‘other compelling reasons’ togrant them leave to remain outside the rules. With DL, you normally have the right to work, study and claim benefits, but because every DL case is different and it isby nature ‘discretionary’, the right to claim benefits is occasionally not allowed.

The biggest issue and main negative aspect of DL is that it is only granted for 30 months(again, this isn’t the same for all discretionary circumstances). After that leave is up, you will have to apply for an extension, and unlike if you have refugee and HPstatus, theapplication isnotfree, and costs more than £1000. Because you can’t settle for ten years (ILR being another application that you have to pay for) people with DL often have to paymany thousands of pounds just to stay in the country. They are able to apply for a fee waiver if they can prove they are destitute, or would become destitute if they paid the fee.

As a further blow, people with DL are also unable to apply for Travel Documents, so if they don’t have a passport from their country of nationality andwant totravel,they are also forced to apply for a Certificate of Travel/Rubbish Travel Document.

You might also come across ‘refugees’ with different forms of status:

(Video) Why is the UK Sending Asylum Seekers to Rwanda?

Another essential and much needed application that MRSN isn’t currently qualified to help with!Refugee Family Reunion is a wonderfulpart of the Refugee Convention that allows anyone who is granted refugee status to bring over their spouse and children from the country they fled from, so that their family life can continue in their new home country. All you need to prove is that you were married and had the children before you fled your country (or that they are your ‘pre-flight’ family), there are no financial requirements and the application is free. It soundsdeceptively simple, but for many reasons it’s a very complicated and extensive application to make.The BRPs of people sponsored to come over on Family Reunionmightsimply say ‘leave to enter’ or ‘leave to remain’. They have the same rights as refugees and can apply for TravelDocuments (as long as they state that they were sponsored to come over by their family member).

Perhaps a refugee has been a refugee for the required amount of time to no longer be a refugee.There are many ways in which a refugee could apply to naturalise as a British citizen.If they have the money of course- all applications are morethan£1000 and there is no way to apply for a fee waiver!Here are some VERY SIMPLIFIEDexamples:

  • If a refugee has had ILR for at least a year, has passed the ‘Life in the UK’ and English languagetest, and can prove they’ve been in the countryfor five years, they can apply for citizenship(as long as theircriminaland immigration record is clean)
  • If a child is born in the UK, then one of their parents gets ILR, they can apply to be registered as British citizen (iftheyare born in the UKaftera parent gets ILR, they ae already automatically British)
  • If a child is born in the UK, then spends the first ten years of their life inthe country, they can apply to register as British whatever their parents’ status.
  • There is no easy route for refugee children born outside the UK,but they can oftensuccessfullyappeal totheHome Office’sdiscretionfor naturalisation if they have been in the country for a long time and/or other family members areapplying for naturalisation.
(Video) Asylum plan: Refugees trying to enter UK say 'we still have to go'


What problems do refugees face in the UK? ›

Refugees living in the UK face a variety of barriers to employment, including language barriers, non-recognition of qualifications, cultural differences and discrimination. 84% of refugees reported that they did not have sufficient English language ability to get a job.

What problems do asylum seekers face? ›

The increased vulnerability to mental health problems that refugees and asylum seekers face is linked to pre-migration experiences (such as war trauma) and post-migration conditions (such as separation from family, difficulties with asylum procedures and poor housing).

What happens to asylum seekers in the UK? ›

When an asylum seeker arrives in the UK, they are unlikely to know anyone here or have anywhere to go. The Home Office will house them in an initial accommodation centre. This is a temporary measure before they're moved on elsewhere, to something more permanent.

What is the difference between a refugee and an asylum seeker UK? ›

The definition of an asylum seeker is someone who has arrived in a country and asked for asylum. Until they receive a decision as to whether or not they are a refugee, they are known as an asylum seeker. In the UK, this means they do not have the same rights as a refugee or a British citizen would.

Does the UK have an asylum seeker issue? ›

There were 48,540 asylum applications (relating to 56,495 people) in the UK in 2021. This is 63% more than the previous year and the highest number for almost two decades.
Table 1: Individuals applying for asylum as a proportion of the total, by age and sex in 2021.
2 more rows
3 Mar 2022

What are the causes of refugee problems? ›

Today's refugees are mostly victims of internal conflict. Human rights abuses, poverty and social inequities, political and economic restructuring, population pressures and environmental degradation are often mutually reinforcing factors leading to political tension and conflict.

How are refugees affected? ›

Before being forced to flee, refugees may experience imprisonment, torture, loss of property, malnutrition, physical assault, extreme fear, rape and loss of livelihood.

What are 5 facts about refugees? ›

10 Eye-Opening Facts To Share On World Refugee Day
  • There are 79.5 million people around the world who have been forcibly displaced—the highest figure ever recorded. ...
  • About 1% of the world's population is displaced. ...
  • 50% of the world's refugees are children. ...
  • Developing countries host more than 85% of the world's refugees.
1 Jun 2021

What rights do asylum seekers have in the UK? ›

Everyone has the human right to seek asylum where they choose, no matter how they arrive. Unfortunately, asylum seekers are unable to apply for protection outside of the UK, meaning that they can only lodge an asylum application on arrival in the UK.

Why can't asylum seekers work in the UK? ›

This is because of the combination of the 12-month waiting period for eligibility to work and the shortage occupation list rule. EU law requires Member States to grant asylum seekers access to their labour market after they have been waiting for nine months for a decision on their claim.

Why are asylum seekers not allowed to work in UK? ›

Most asylum applicants are not allowed to work while we consider their application. This is because entering the country for economic reasons is not the same as seeking asylum, and it is important to keep the two separate.

What are the UK laws on refugees and asylum seekers? ›

You must apply for asylum if you want to stay in the UK as a refugee. To be eligible, you must have left your country and be unable to go back because you fear persecution. Find out more about who is eligible to claim asylum.

Where do most UK asylum seekers come from? ›

In 2021, the top five most common countries of nationality of people who applied for asylum in the UK were Iran, Iraq, Eritrea, Albania and Syria. Table 2 shows the fifteen most common countries of nationality of people (main applicants and dependants) who applied for asylum in the UK in 2021.

What benefits do refugees get in the UK? ›

Benefits available
  • Pension Credit.
  • Housing Benefit/Rate Relief.
  • Personal Independence Payment.
  • Attendance Allowance.
  • Carer's Allowance.
  • Tax Credits.
  • Universal Credit.

How many asylum seekers are rejected in the UK? ›

Figures released to the Guardian from the Oxford Migration Observatory show that 3,632 people who applied for asylum in 2020 were turned down and 314 were returned. That means up to 91% of those refused asylum in the UK were free to remain in the UK, compared with 81% in 2019 and 38% in 2013.

Why do so many asylum seekers want to come to the UK? ›

Connection to the UK

The vast majority of people seeking asylum do not come to the UK. But for the relatively smaller number who do, the most common reason they choose the UK is to join their family who are already in the country. Another common reason for people coming to the UK is that they speak the language.

How much do asylum seekers cost the UK? ›

The total is £51,100 per year. We then divided it by 12 months. This gives a total of £4,258 per asylum seeker per month, £1,825 more than in late 2021.

What dangers do refugees face on their journeys? ›

There are risks at every stage of the journey. Refugees and migrants drown at sea, dehydrate during desert or sea crossings, fall victim to kidnapping and extortion, torture and rape, and are beaten, shot, and killed by criminals or border officials.

How can we solve refugee problems? ›

Opening up safe routes to sanctuaryfor refugees is one important solution. That means allowing people to reunite with their relatives, and giving refugees visas so they don't have to spend their life savings and risk drowningto reach safety. 2.It also means resettling all refugees who need it.

What are the problems of refugee crisis? ›

Causes for the crisis of the refugees can include war and civil war, human rights violations, environment and climate issues, and economic hardship.

What are some problems immigrants face today? ›

5 Challenges Immigrants Face When They're New to the Country
  • Navigating life in a new language. Uprooting your life and moving to a new country is challenging by itself. ...
  • Building your credit. ...
  • Access to health care. ...
  • Employment opportunities. ...
  • The power of education.
5 Feb 2022

What are the common problems of immigrants? ›

The Top 10 Problems Faced by Immigrants
  • Language barriers.
  • Employment opportunities.
  • Housing.
  • Access to local services.
  • Transportation issues.
  • Cultural differences.
  • Raising children.
  • Prejudice.
18 Jun 2021

What are the challenges faced by migrants? ›

They suffered tremendously at different stages of reverse migration. Studies show that lack of planning led to economic challenges like wage theft, retrenchments, lack of social security, employer accountability, mobility issues, and huge social discrimination.

How are refugees affecting society? ›

Refugees bring productivity to their host countries, where they are integrated across various communities. They help enrich their local communities, creating a cultural diversity within the local population and helping nurture understanding and appreciation for social diversity.

What are the 3 types of refugees? ›

Types of Refugees in Human Rights

Refugee. Asylum Seeker. Internally displaced person.

What are 2 facts about refugees? ›

The UN resettlement system prioritises asylum seekers for resettlement according to considered needs and situations of vulnerability, rather than waiting time. In 2021, there were 27.1 million refugees worldwide. 21 countries resettled 57,500 of these globally, down from 107,800 in 2019.

How long can an asylum seeker stay in the UK? ›

Grant of asylum as a refugee

If you are granted asylum in the UK you are recognised as a refugee under the 1951 Refugee Convention and are allowed to remain in the UK for 5 years (limited leave to remain).

What are the new asylum seekers Rules 2022 UK? ›

The 2022 Act and Part 11 of the Immigration Rules contains the legal framework within which a person granted refugee status in the UK will be provided with permission to stay. A recipient of refugee status will either be granted refugee permission to stay or temporary refugee permission to stay.

Where do asylum seekers live in the UK? ›

Asylum seekers awaiting a decision on their application make up a higher share of the population in the north of England, the West Midlands and Wales, and a lower share in the South East, East of England and South West.

What are the human rights of asylum seekers and refugees? ›

Seeking asylum is a fundamental human right. Everyone has the right to life and liberty. Everyone has the right to freedom from fear. Everyone has the right to seek asylum from persecution.

Can asylum seekers get a UK passport? ›

After five years of Refugee Status, you can apply for ILR, and after a year of ILR you can apply for British citizenship.

Can asylum seekers get married in UK? ›

Asylum seekers in the UK can get married or enter into a civil partnership, but it is important to do everything possible to not fall foul of the UK's Government's hostile environment policies and rules.

What jobs can asylum seekers do in the UK? ›

Most jobs on the shortage occupation list are specialised (like civil engineers, architects, or classical ballet dancers). However, in 2021 and 2022 the list was expanded to include positions like nursing (and nursing assistants), and care work.

Do refugees have the right to work in the UK? ›

A current Biometric Residence Permit which states that the person has been granted indefinite leave to remain in the UK or has no time limit on their stay. A current Biometric Residence Permit which states that the person has been granted permission to stay in the UK for a period of time and has permission to work.

Are asylum seekers illegal UK? ›

Illegal entry

Under section 40 of the Nationality and Borders Act 2022 (NABA), it is difficult for a person to arrive in the UK without a visa. As there is no such thing as an 'asylum visa', this law will apply to almost all asylum seekers entering the UK.

Are asylum seekers allowed to drive in the UK? ›

Since 2014, the Driving and Vehicle Licence Agency (DVLA) is not allowed to give you a driving licence if you are not 'lawfully resident' in the UK.

Do refugees get free healthcare in UK? ›

Groups that are exempt from charge include: refugees (people who have been granted asylum, humanitarian protection or temporary protection under the immigration rules) and their dependants.

How many refugees are there in the UK 2022? ›

The UK offered protection, in the form of asylum, humanitarian protection, alternative forms of leave and resettlement, to 15,684 people (including dependants) in the year ending June 2022. Of these: 12,968 were granted refugee status following an asylum application ('asylum')

How long do asylum seekers wait for a decision UK? ›

“The backlog of asylum seekers waiting more than six months for a decision to be made on their case has trebled [this means that it has increased 3 times as much] since Priti Patel took over as Home Secretary in 2019. While the pandemic might have made the issue harder to remedy, the trend began long before it began…

What happens if asylum is denied in UK? ›

No reason to stay

You'll be asked to leave the UK if you do not qualify for refugee status and your caseworker decides there's no other reason for you to stay. You may be able to appeal against the decision. You'll have to leave if you do not appeal in the time allowed, or if your appeal is unsuccessful.

What does a refugee need? ›

Need for healthcare: a lot of refugees are tired or exhausted and sometimes distressed when they arrive. They may also be ill due to the unhealthy conditions experienced during their journey. 2. Welfare needs in terms both of protection and a warm meal, a bed, access to a bathroom, new clothes, rest etc.

Are refugees good for the economy UK? ›

Research shows that it results in a net gain to the economy. A study of the economic impact of refugees in Europe between 1985 and 2015 showed that in just two years of an increased inflow of refugees, the economy in the 15 countries studied became healthier and unemployment decreased.

What are 3 hardships faced by many refugees? ›

Many are fleeing places of war, hunger, famine, and persecution. However, refugees and immigrants, especially, are faced with many barriers once they arrive in a new country.

What are the negative effects of immigration in the UK? ›

A Bank of England found a rise in immigration had a tiny impact on overall wages – with a 10% increase in immigration – wages fall by 0.31%. However, the negative effect was greater for semi/unskilled workers in the service sector, with a 10% rise in immigration reducing wages the equivalent of 2%.

What are the disadvantages of immigration in the UK? ›

Negative effects
  • A growth in population can put pressure on services, housing and infrastructure to provide for more people.
  • Friction may develop between the host population and migrant groups, eg locals may feel they have missed out on job opportunities because of increased competition.

What are 3 challenges immigrants face? ›

Difficulty speaking English, trouble taking off work, and limited transportation (we'll get to that) are all very real issues. Accessing mental health issues is especially problematic. Many times, refugees and immigrants have been exposed to violence, rape, even torture- but they may not know how to seek help.

What are the biggest problems immigrants face? ›

Navigating life in a new language

The language barrier is one of the main's challenges immigrants face. When you don't speak the language of the place in which you live, things like finding a job, buying food, and even meeting new people become incredibly difficult.

What is the biggest challenge that students face in the refugee camp? ›

In refugee camps, Rohingya children have very limited access to education and are often in extremely poor health due to lack of food, health services, medicines and sanitation.

Do refugees pay taxes? ›

As residents of the United States, refugees must pay income and other taxes. Tax returns, and (if you earned enough) payment of taxes to the federal and state government are due every April 15.

Is it illegal to enter the UK without a passport? ›

You must have a valid passport to enter the UK. It should be valid for the whole of your stay. You may also need a visa, depending on which country you're from. Check if you need a visa to come to the UK.


1. Where are England's asylum seekers living? - BBC Newsnight
(BBC Newsnight)
2. Supporting refugees and asylum seekers to feel at home the UK
(British Red Cross)
3. Why is Britain sending asylum seekers to Rwanda? | Inside Story
(Al Jazeera English)
4. UK court says flight taking asylum seekers to Rwanda can go ahead
(Al Jazeera English)
5. I Am a Refugee: Faces of Europe’s Asylum Seekers
(Open Society Foundations)
6. Special report: Life for asylum seekers in the UK
(5 News)
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